ERC ALFA, 2 years postdoc, History of medieval astronomy

Institution

Observatoire de Paris

Presentation text

ALFA is an ERC funded project (2017-2022, 60 month, Consolidator grant 2016 agreement 723085)dedicated to the study of Alfonsine astronomy which flourished in Europe from the second half of the 13th to the mid-16th century.

Employing approaches from the history of astronomy, history of mathematics, and history of manuscript cultures to study astronomical tables, instruments, theoretical and mathematical texts, ALFA’s main objectives are to:

  • Retrace the development of the corpus of Alfonsine texts from its origin in the second half of the 13th century in Toledo, Spain to the end of the 15th century by following, on the manuscript level, the milieus producing and using these codices;
  • Analyse Alfonsine astronomers’ practices, their relations to mathematics, to the natural world, to proofs and justification, and their intellectual and social contexts and audiences;
  • Build a meaningful narrative showing how astronomers in different milieus with diverse practices shaped, also from Arabic and Hebrew materials, an original scientific scene in Europe.

ALFA works in a deeply collaborative manner. Matthieu Husson (PI, CNRS- Observatoire de Paris), José Chabás (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona) and Richard Kremer (Dartmouth College, USA) constitute its advisory board. Around them a local team of post-docs, PhD students and a digital humanities IT expert, based at the Paris Observatory, will work with a team of international scholars comprised of 10 specialists of the history of late medieval astronomy in Europe. Finally a team of external experts from neighbouring fields will consult with ALFA in order to enrich its methodological and theoretical dimensions and to help design the digital tools.

ALFA invites application for a 2-year post-doctoral position expected to start at the latest Septembre 1, 2020 or as soon as possible after the result are published (CNRS-contract, salary according to experience following CNRS policy). This position will be hosted at the Observatoire de Paris in the history of astronomy team (dir. Michela Malpangotto) of the SYRTE Laboratory (UMR 8630).

The successful candidate will work as part of the local team and will spend most of his/her working time on his/her research project in the context of this collective, international project. He/she is expected to participate in the publications of the project and will be encouraged to take part in the conception of scientific events relevant to his/her research (workshops and seminars). He/she will have also dedicated research funds especially for travel to relevant European libraries.

In line with ALFA’s objectives the candidate research project should enhance our understanding of the formation and development of Alfonsine astronomy. Different approaches are possible to achieve this aim. They rely on a range of competences and we thus encourage candidates with different skills and training background to apply. For this call we seek candidates willing to engage with either of the two following topics, or with any related ones:

  1. A study providing a global and detailed picture of the milieu of astronomers flourishing in Paris at the turn of the 14th century, of its actors and institutions, its intellectual habits, tension and debates would be an important contribution to the project, especially as they were among the firsts to actively receive mathematical astronomy material from the Alfonsine court.
  2. Research proposal allowing to understand the global circulation of texts and ideas within the Alfonsine tradition from the 13th to the 15th century on a European scale will be also considered very positively.

While preparing their application, candidates are encouraged to contact Matthieu Husson (Mathieu.husson@obspm.fr) to discuss the shape of their proposed project. After the appointment, the ALFA advisory board will work with the successful candidate to further refine the research project.

To qualify for the position, candidates are required to have completed their PhD in either history of sciences, medieval history or scientific disciplines such as astronomy and exact sciences. Acquired competences in Latin philology, codicology, palaeography, history of astronomy and history of mathematics will be appreciated. The will to work with and contribute to the development of digital humanities tools will be a positive element. A good control of spoken and written English is also important in order to be able to interact fruitfully with the international team of the project.

Applications should be sent no later than March 2, 2020 to Matthieu Husson (matthieu.husson@obspm.fr). They shall include: a short CV (2 p. max), contact information for two possible externals referees (name, institution, email contact), a short research proposal (3-4 p. max), a written sample of academic work (e.g. thesis and/or a recent paper).

Review of applications will start on March 3, 2020 and the result will be published on april 20, 2020.

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